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Welcome to the interactive web schedule for the 2019 Midwest Fish & Wildlife Conference! The schedule is subject to change (as of November 19, 2018). Please check back for updates. To return to the main Conference website, go to: www.midwestfw.org.

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Monday, January 28 • 10:20am - 10:40am
(WILDLIFE: URBAN-WILDLIFE CONFLICT) What Does Urbanization Actually Mean? A Review and Synthesis of Urban-ness in Ecological Research

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AUTHORS: Remington J. Moll, Michigan State University; Jonathon D. Cepek, Cleveland Metroparks; Patrick D. Lorch, Cleveland Metroparks; Patricia M. Dennis, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo and The Ohio State University; Eric Tans, Michigan State University; Terry Robison, Cleveland Metroparks; Joshua J. Millspaugh, University of Montana; Robert A. Montgomery, Michigan State University ABSTRACT: Extensive research has demonstrated that urbanization strongly alters ecological processes, often perniciously. However, quantifying the magnitude of urban effects and determining their cross-system generalizability importantly depends upon the ways in which urbanization is measured and modeled. We coupled a formal literature survey with a novel conceptual framework to document and synthesize the myriad of metrics used to quantify urbanization. The framework enables a clear cataloguing of urban metrics by identifying i) the urban component measured, ii) the method of measurement, iii) the metric’s spatial scale, and iv) the metric’s temporal nature. Thus, the framework comprehensively captures the what, how, where, and when of urban metrics. We documented striking variability in urban metrics with respect to which urban components were measured as well as how, where, and when they were quantified. Overall, our survey revealed that urban metrics tended to be: i) be structurally-focused, ii) methodologically simplistic, iii) spatially variable, and iv) temporally static. The variation we observed in the development and application of urban metrics complicates theory development, cross-study comparison, and the implementation of management and conservation actions. Formally addressing this methodological variability within the context of our multi-dimensional conceptual framework helps pave a clear path for more efficient and policy-relevant urban research. Future work should address several crucial outstanding issues to overcome the challenge created by urban metric variability. We recommend: i) systematic assessments of various urban metrics across multiple scales, ii) an increased and judicious use of more complex urban metrics aimed at evaluating both mechanistic and broad-scale correlative ecological hypotheses, and iii) an increased emphasis on the socio-economic aspects of urban effects.

Monday January 28, 2019 10:20am - 10:40am

Attendees (1)